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Accessibility in the build phase is addressed by developing to current accessibility standards, following accessibility best practices and checks, and ensuring system usability with assistive technologies. Ultimately, accessibility in this phase requires the commitment of project team members to account for development awareness and validation when a system is constructed.

In addition to roles and responsibilities as defined in the system development life cycle (SDLC):

An analyst should:

  • Create a Test Management Plan that is aligned with a WCAG 2.0 level AA

A developer should:

  • Use WAI-ARIA states and properties to support platform accessibility APIs
  • Perform the "Department of Rehabilitation 16 Point Check for Accessibility"
  • Ensure non-text content presented to the user has a text alternative
  • Ensure the system is usable with assistive technologies


Design | Build | Test | Implement



What to do

How to do it

Create a test management plan that is aligned with WCAG 2.0 level AA

Use SIMM 25 and WCAG 2.0 to ensure plan requirements include:

  • Keyboard Access
  • Timing
  • Screen Elements
  • Consistency
  • Sounds
  • Display
  • Color
  • Size
  • Documentation
  • Training
Have significant knowledge in various assistive technologies and how used by users to consume content on a system or site.

Assistive Technology (AT) generally falls into two categories:

  • AT device – any item that directly assists an individual with a disability to increase, maintain, or improve their capabilities.
  • AT service any service such as evaluation of work site, interpreting services, creating OCR (optical character recognition) documentation, and training on assistive technology. Any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device.

Some examples of assistive technologies include:

  • Screen Readers
  • Magnification Tools
  • Voice Recognition
  • Video Conferencing

Comprehensive list of Assistive Technology tools.